In connection with contact lenses, infection relates to microorganisms which cause eye discomfort or damage the contact lenses. The infection enters via skin or mucous membranes. Originators are bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. People become infected mostly by direct or indirect contact with the originator (i.e. via fingers, towels, eye drops, water in a swimming pool).
The most common causes of bacterial inflammation are:
- Staphylococci, streptococci, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pseudomonas, Haemophilus influenzae nebo chlamydia.
Common viral agents include:
- Herpes, adenovirus.
Common fungal agents include:
- Aspergillus niger Candida albicans.
Amongst protozoa, agents causing infection include:
- Acanthamoeba (acanthamoeba) and more.